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5d80d7912b Van Nostrand Reinhold Company. American Heritage of Invention and Technology Magazine. A Visual Dictionary of Architecture. Canadian Wood Council wood-building design tools, case studies and references "Wood Handbook" wood as an engineering material . New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. The preferable spacer material is rigid insulation. The depth of a lintel is determined by the width of the opening and vertical loads supported. Other light-frame buildings are built over a crawlspace or a basement, with wood or steel joists used to span between foundation walls, usually constructed of poured concrete or concrete blocks. These stick members, referred to as studs, wall plates and lintels (headers), serve as a nailing base for all covering material and support the upper floor platforms, which provide the lateral strength along a wall.
Since there is no vertical load to be supported by partitions, single studs may be used at door openings. Mary's Catholic Church in Chicago using the balloon framing method. The topmost wall plates are cut only to the outside dimensions of the walls. "How to Build Balloon Frames". Albany:C. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. In contrast, in platform framing a floor box and joists making up the platform is built and placed on a supporting under structure (sill plates, headers, or beams) where it sits flat and gets fastened down against wind lifting with galvanized metal tie straps.